For his striking exposure of corruption at high levels of the Chinese government, including billions in secret wealth owned by relatives of the prime minister, well documented work published in the face of heavy pressure from the Chinese officials.
For his vivid reports, often at personal peril, on famine and conflict in East Africa, a neglected but increasingly strategic part of the world.
For their dogged reporting that put a human face on the faltering justice system in Russia, remarkably influencing the discussion inside the country.
For his rich, beautifully written series on Iraq as the United States departs and its people and leaders struggle to deal with the legacy of war and to shape the nation’s future.
For its masterful, groundbreaking coverage of America’s deepening military and political challenges in Afghanistan and Pakistan, reporting frequently done under perilous conditions.
For his heavily reported series on private security contractors in Iraq that operate outside most of the laws governing American forces.
For its sharply edged reports on the adverse impact of China's booming capitalism on conditions ranging from inequality to pollution.
For their ambitious stories on ragged justice in China as the booming nation's legal system evolves.
For her eloquent, wide ranging coverage of Russia’s struggle to cope with terrorism, improve the economy and make democracy work.
For his fresh, haunting look at Rwanda a decade after rape and genocidal slaughter had ravaged the Tutsi tribe.
For his extraordinary ability to capture, at personal peril, the voices and emotions of Iraqis as their country was invaded, their leader toppled and their way of life upended.
For their exposure of horrific conditions in Mexico's criminal justice system and how they affect the daily lives of people.
For his deeply affecting and illuminating coverage of daily life in war-torn Afghanistan.
For his revealing stories from China about victims of the government's often brutal suppression of the Falun Gong movement and the implications of that campaign for the future.
For his reporting on the political strife and disease epidemics ravaging Africa, witnessed firsthand as he traveled, sometimes by canoe, through rebel-controlled regions of the Congo.
For his provocative and enlightening series on the AIDS crisis in Africa.
For its in-depth, analytical coverage of the Russian financial crisis.
For its revealing series that profiled the corrosive effects of drug corruption in Mexico.
For his courageous and insightful coverage of the harrowing regime imposed on Afghanistan by the Taliban.
For his persistent on-site reporting of the massacre of thousands of Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica.
For his reporting on the ethnic violence and slaughter in Rwanda.
For its series examining the epidemic of violence against women in many nations.
For his courageous and persistent reporting that disclosed atrocities and other human rights violations in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
For his courageous and thorough coverage of the destruction of Sarajevo and the barbarous killings in the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
For his reporting on the Persian Gulf War, conducted after the war was over, which revealed new details of American battlefield tactics and "friendly fire" incidents.
For her dispatches from occupied Kuwait, some of which she filed while in hiding from Iraqi authorities.
For knowledgeable reporting from China on the mass movement for democracy and its subsequent suppression.
For sensitive and balanced reporting from Israel and the Middle East.
For their June 1985 series that documented massive transfers of wealth abroad by President Marcos and his associates and had a direct impact on subsequent political developments in the Philippines and the United States.
For their series on the plight of the hungry in Africa.
For her extraordinary series of interviews with Jordan's King Hussein which correctly anticipated the problems that would confront the Reagan administration's Middle East peace plan.
For their individual reporting of the Israeli invasion of Beirut and its tragic aftermath.
For stories from Cambodia.
For his coverage of the Communist takeover in Cambodia, carried out at great risk when he elected to stay at his post after the fall of Pnom Penh.
For their coverage of famine in Africa and India.
For his coverage of the Soviet Union and its allies in Eastern Europe in 1973.
For his coverage of the struggle against apartheid in the Republic of South Africa.
For his exclusive disclosure of the Vietnam War tragedy at the hamlet of My Lai.
For his thorough reporting of the attempted Communist coup in Indonesia in 1965 and the purge that followed in 1965-66.
For his reports on the growth of economic independence among Russia's Eastern European satellites and his analysis of their desire for a resumption of trade with the West.
For their individual reporting of the Viet Nam war and the overthrow of the Diem regime.
For his persistent reporting which revealed, at an early stage, that the Soviet Union was installing missile launching pads in Cuba and sending in large numbers of MIG-21 aircraft.
For his 1961 interview with Soviet Premier Khrushchev, as illustrative of Lippmann's long and distinguished contribution to American journalism.
For his reporting under extraordinarily difficult conditions of the early stages of the Congo crisis and his keen analysis of events in other parts of Africa.
For his perceptive and authoritative reporting from Poland. Mr. Rosenthal's subsequent expulsion from the country was attributed by Polish government spokesmen to the depth his reporting into Polish affairs, there being no accusation of false reporting.
For their exclusive series of articles disclosing the brutality of the Batista government in Cuba long before its downfall and forecasting the triumph of the revolutionary party led by Fidel Castro.
For its distinguished coverage of foreign news, which was characterized by admirable initiative, continuity and high quality during the year.
For his excellent and sustained coverage of the Hungarian revolt against Communist domination, during which he worked at great personal risk within Russian-held Budapest and gave front-line eyewitness reports of the ruthless Soviet repression of the Hungarian people.
For a series of exclusive interviews with the leaders of the Soviet Union.
For his distinguished series of articles, "Russia Re-Viewed," based on his six years as a Times correspondent in Russia. The perceptive and well-written Salisbury articles made a valuable contribution to American understanding of what is going on inside Russia. This was principally due to the writer's wide range of subject matter and depth of background plus a number of illuminating photographs which he took.
For his notable front-line human interest reporting of the Korean War, the cease-fire and the prisoner-of-war exchanges, climaxing 26 months of distinguished service as a war correspondent.
For the sustained quality of his coverage of news of international affairs during the year.
For their reporting of the Korean War.
For his series of 43 articles written over a three-year residence in Moscow entitled, "This Is Russia Uncensored."
For his series of 12 articles entitled, "Experiment in Freedom: India and Its First Year of Independence."
For its brave portrayal of the chaotic civil war in Syria, using text stories as well as multimedia tools to provide on-the-ground accounts as well as wider context, often at personal peril to the journalists.
For his provocative articles on the fate of thousands of illegal Mexican immigrants deported by the United States in recent years, many who are living desperate lives along the U.S.-Mexico border.
For its powerful exploration of serious mistakes concealed by authorities in Japan after a tsunami and earthquake devastated the nation, and caused a nuclear disaster.
For its well-crafted reports on the momentous revolution in Libya that went beyond battlefield dispatches to tell the wider story of discontent, conflict and the role of outside powers.
For her coverage of the earthquake in Haiti, steadfastly telling poignant, wide-ranging stories with a lyrical touch and an impressive eye for detail.
For its examination of the causes of Europe’s debt crisis, taking readers behind closed doors to meet pivotal characters while illuminating the wider economic, political and social reverberations.
For his coverage of the disputed election in Iran and its bloody aftermath, marked by firsthand knowledge and close-up portraits of individuals caught up in events.
For his riveting account of being held prisoner by the Taliban for seven months before his dramatic escape, using his eye for detail to depict memorably his militant captors.
For her in-depth investigation of the exploitation of impoverished children in West and Central Africa who are often traded like animals by adults who prize their labor.
For its sensitive and moving examination of how females in the developing world are often oppressed from birth to death, a reporting project marked by indelible portraits of women and girls and enhanced by multimedia presentations.
For its valorous and comprehensive coverage of America's military efforts to reduce sectarian violence in Iraq.
For its in-depth reports on the dismantling of democracy in Russia under the leadership of Vladimir Putin.
For its courageous chronicling of Iraq's descent into what the newspaper labeled "civil war."
For his vivid and insightful coverage of conflict in Lebanon that wove together frontline dispatches, personal history and analysis.
For his powerful accounts of the deadly violence faced by ordinary American soldiers in Iraq as an insurgency intensified.
For his well crafted reports on restive Muslims in Europe that foretold riots in France.
For his vivid, deeply reported stories on the impact of the Iraq war on citizens and soldiers alike.
For their haunting stories that shed new light on starvation in Africa and prompted international agencies to rethink their policies.
For his resourceful, sweeping and valorous reports that gave readers a rare, close-up view of combat as American soldiers invaded Iraq.
For their remarkable reports revealing little-known ways that Saddam Hussein profited from the United Nations sanctions meant to punish him.
For "A Fraying Alliance," his perceptive series on emerging tensions between the United States and Europe.
For his gracefully-written and revealing dispatches from the war in Afghanistan.
For its comprehensive and insightful coverage of the war in Afghanistan and the international al Qaeda terror network.
For her reporting, at considerable personal risk, of the volatile aftermath of the war in Chechnya and the uncertain future engagement of Russia with that republic.
For its skillful and courageous coverage of the Russian attack on Chechnya.
For his gripping stories on the dangerous legacy of chemical and nuclear weapons in post-communist Russia.
For its comprehensive coverage of the bombings of American embassies in Africa, which revealed crucial lapses in intelligence and security.
For his compelling comprehensive and compassionate reporting from Africa and Asia.
For his series, written under difficult conditions, on Laurent Kabila's brutal rise to power in Zaire.
For his reporting from Rwanda, South Africa, El Salvador and Guatemala on why crimes against humanity go unstopped and unpunished.
For its global examination of overpopulation illustrated by struggling families who continue to bear children they cannot afford.
For her courageous reporting from Zaire on the Ebola virus outbreak there.
For its coverage of the collapse of the Mexican peso and the resulting effect on world finance.
For her reporting from Sarajevo, in which she describes the effects of war on a neighborhood.
For their series of stories on the growing economic and political influence of overseas Chinese on Asia.
For her revealing reporting on the famine and suffering in Somalia.
For his probing accounts of widespread nuclear pollution in the former Soviet Union.
For his articles on the causes of the cholera epidemic in Peru and Mexico.
For its vivid and comprehensive coverage of the Soviet Union's collapse.
For articles on the volatile Persian Gulf region, culminating in coverage of Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and its aftermath.
For coverage of the dramatic changes in the Soviet Union and the communist bloc in the Gorbachev era.
For penetrating reports on the momentous political changes in East Germany, West Germany and Eastern Europe.
For his richly compelling series, "Being Black in South Africa." (Moved by the Board to the Feature Writing category.)
For comprehensive reports from South Africa about the African National Congress.
For his series "The Baby Trade," describing Americans eager to adopt Latin-American children and the parents who choose to give them up.
For his vivid and detailed coverage of the fall of the Marcos regime in the Philippines.
For his skillful coverage of religious strife in Northern Ireland, India and Lebanon.
For her personalized account of African famine victims in Sudan, "The Trail of Tears."
For his sustained and comprehensive reportage from South Africa.
For his thorough and elegantly written dispatches from Lebanon.
For its comprehensive coverage of Indira Gandhi's assassination and its impact on India's future.
For his reporting from Israel which analyzed the mind of the nation.
For his thorough, first-hand coverage of the island of Grenada before, during and after the U.S. invasion.
For his coverage of the impact of war and famine on Cambodia, Vietnam and East Timor.
For his series on the distribution abroad of American-made products in ways that would be held illegal or improper in the U.S. itself.
For his coverage of illegal drug activity in Colombia.