For expanding the examination of how wounded combat veterans are mistreated, focusing on loss of benefits for life after discharge by the Army for minor offenses, stories augmented with digital tools and stirring congressional action.
For their rigorous reports on flawed regulation of the nation’s oil pipelines, focusing on potential ecological dangers posed by diluted bitumen (or "dilbit"), a controversial form of oil.
For his riveting exploration of the physical and emotional challenges facing American soldiers severely wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan during a decade of war.
For their exposure of questionable practices on Wall Street that contributed to the nation’s economic meltdown, using digital tools to help explain the complex subject to lay readers.
For his incisive work, in print and online, on the hazardous use of cell phones, computers and other devices while operating cars and trucks, stimulating widespread efforts to curb distracted driving.
For “PolitiFact,” its fact-checking initiative during the 2008 presidential campaign that used probing reporters and the power of the World Wide Web to examine more than 750 political claims, separating rhetoric from truth to enlighten voters. (Moved by the Board to the National Reporting category.)
For their lucid exploration of Vice President Dick Cheney and his powerful yet sometimes disguised influence on national policy.
For his revelations that President Bush often used "signing statements" to assert his controversial right to bypass provisions of new laws.
For their carefully sourced stories on secret domestic eavesdropping that stirred a national debate on the boundary line between fighting terrorism and protecting civil liberty.
For their disclosure of bribe-taking that sent former Rep. Randy Cunningham to prison in disgrace.
For his heavily documented stories about the corporate cover-up of responsibility for fatal accidents at railway crossings.
For its engrossing examination of the tactics that have made Wal-Mart the largest company in the world with cascading effects across American towns and developing countries.
For their revelatory and moving examination of a military aircraft, nicknamed "The Widow Maker," that was linked to the deaths of 45 pilots. (Moved by the Board from the Investigative Reporting category to the National Reporting category, where it was also entered.)
For its comprehensive coverage of America's war on terrorism, which regularly brought forth new information together with skilled analysis of unfolding developments.
For its compelling and memorable series exploring racial experiences and attitudes across contemporary America.
For its revealing stories that question U.S. defense spending and military deployment in the post-Cold War era and offer alternatives for the future.
For a series of articles that disclosed the corporate sale of American technology to China, with U.S. government approval despite national security risks, prompting investigations and significant changes in policy.
For their reporting that disclosed dangerous flaws and mismanagement in the military health care system and prompted reforms.
For its coverage of the struggle against AIDS in all of its aspects, the human, the scientific and the business, in light of promising treatments for the disease.
For her coverage of the tobacco industry, including a report that exposed how ammonia additives heighten nicotine potency.
For stories about working conditions in low-wage America.
For stories that related the experiences of Americans who had been used unknowingly in government radiation experiments nearly 50 years ago.
For his revealing articles on the life and political record of candidate Bill Clinton.
For their critical examination of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
For reporting that disclosed hundreds of child abuse-related deaths go undetected each year as a result of errors by medical examiners.
For coverage of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its aftermath.
For their 15-month investigation of "rifle shot" provisions in the Tax Reform Act of 1986, a series that aroused such widespread public indignation that Congress subsequently rejected proposals giving special tax breaks to many politically connected individuals and businesses.
For his series of reports on a secret Pentagon budget used by the government to sponsor defense research and an arms buildup.
For its exclusive reporting and persistent coverage of the U.S.—Iran-Contra connection.
For coverage of the aftermath of the Challenger explosion, which included stories that identified serious flaws in the shuttle's design and in the administration of America's space program.
For their investigation into subsidized housing in East Texas, which uncovered patterns of racial discrimination and segregation in public housing across the United States and led to significant reforms.
For his enterprising and indefatigable reporting on massive deficiencies in IRS processing of tax returns-reporting that eventually inspired major changes in IRS procedures and prompted the agency to make a public apology to U.S. taxpayers.
For his series of articles that examined the dangers of farming as an occupation.
For reporting on a wide variety of scientific topics of national import.
For its balanced and informative special report on the nuclear arms race.
For the uniform excellence of his reporting and writing on stories of national import.
For their investigation of the Church of Scientology.
For a series on unsafe structural conditions at the nation's major dams.
For disclosing large-scale corruption in the American grain exporting trade.
For their series "Auditing the Internal Revenue Service," which exposed the unequal application of Federal tax laws.
For his initiative in exclusively disclosing President Nixon's Federal income tax payments in 1970 and 1971.
For his disclosure of alleged irregularities in the financing of the campaign to re-elect President Nixon in 1972.
For their disclosure of Senator Thomas Eagleton's history of psychiatric therapy, resulting in his withdrawal as the Democratic Vice Presidential nominee in 1972.
For his reporting of American policy decision-making during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971.
For their documentary on the life and death of a 28-year-old revolutionary Diana Oughton: "The Making of a Terrorist."
For disclosures about the background of Judge Clement F. Haynesworth Jr., in connection with his nomination for the United States Supreme Court.
For his inquiry into the future of our national parks and the methods that may help to preserve them.
For his reporting of unsanitary conditions in many meat packing plants, which helped insure the passage of the Federal Wholesome Meat Act of 1967.
For his series of articles, "Crisis in the Courts."
For their investigative reporting of the connection between American crime and gambling in the Bahamas.
For his distinguished coverage of the civil rights conflict centered about Selma, Ala., and particularly his reporting of its aftermath.
For his enterprise in reporting the growth of the fortune of President Lyndon B. Johnson and his family.
For his outstanding coverage of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
For his distinguished reporting of the proceedings of the United States Supreme Court during the year, with particular emphasis on the coverage of the decision in the reapportionment case and its consequences in many of the States of the Union.
For their exclusive disclosure and six years of detailed reporting, under great difficulties, of the undercover cooperation between management interests in the coal industry and the United Mine Workers.
For his analysis of a timber transaction which drew the attention of the public to the problems of business ethics.
For a series of articles exposing the extent of nepotism in the Congress of the United States.
For a series of articles that focused public notice on deplorable conditions in a Florida migrant labor camp, resulted in the provision of generous assistance for the 4,000 stranded workers in the camp, and thereby called attention to the national problem presented by 1,500,000 migratory laborers.
For his persistent inquiry into labor racketeering, which included investigatory reporting of wide significance.
For his dramatic and incisive eyewitness report of mob violence on September 23, 1957, during the integration crisis at the Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
For his distinguished national correspondence, including both news dispatches and interpretive reporting, an outstanding example of which was his five-part analysis of the effect of President Eisenhower's illness on the functioning of the Executive Branch of the Federal Government.
For his original disclosures that led to the resignation of Harold E. Talbott as Secretary of the Air Force.
For publishing a series of articles which were adjudged directly responsible for clearing Abraham Chasanow, an employee of the U.S. Navy Department, and bringing about his restoration to duty with an acknowledgment by the Navy Department that it had committed a grave injustice in dismissing him as a security risk. Mr. Lewis received the full support of his newspaper in championing an American citizen, without adequate funds or resources for his defense, against an unjust act by a government department. This is in the best tradition of American journalism.
For his exclusive publication of the FBI Report to the White House in the Harry Dexter White case before it was laid before the Senate by J. Edgar Hoover.
For his article called "The Great Deception," dealing with the intricate arrangements by which the safety of President-elect Eisenhower was guarded enroute from Morningside Heights in New York to Korea.
For his exclusive article of April 21, 1951, disclosing the record of conversations between President Truman and General of the Army Douglas MacArthur at Wake Island in their conference of October, 1950.
For his series on the clearing of Communist charges of Professor Melvin Rader, who had been accused of attending a secret Communist school.
For consistent excellence covering the national scene from Washington.
For his stories on the plan of the Truman administration to impose secrecy about the ordinary affairs of federal civilian agencies in peacetime.
For their reports and searchable database on the nation’s often overlooked factories and research centers that once produced nuclear weapons and now pose contamination risks.
For his exploration of the Federal Reserve, a powerful but little understood national institution.
For their aggressive coverage of the deadly national outbreak of fungal meningitis traced to a compounding pharmacy in suburban Boston, revealing how the medical regulatory system failed to safeguard patients.
For their fresh exploration of how American drones moved from a temporary means to kill terrorists to a permanent weapon of war, raising issues of legality and accountability.
For his diligent exposure of federal regulators easing or neglecting to enforce safety standards as aging nuclear power plants exceed their original life spans, with interactive data and videos used to drive home the findings.
For her compelling examination of aggressive debt collectors whose often questionable tactics, profitable but largely unseen by the public, vexed borrowers hard hit by the nation’s financial crisis.
For his revelations of how life insurance companies retained death benefits owed to families of military veterans and other Americans, leading to government investigations and remedial changes.
For its examination of the disastrous explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico, using detailed reports to hold government and major corporations accountable.
For their tenacious reporting on how design flaws and weak federal oversight contributed to a potentially lethal problem with Toyota vehicles, resulting in corrective steps and a congressional inquiry.
For their examination of the nation’s financial collapse and notably on the involvement of Goldman Sachs.
For their relentless exploration of America’s network of immigration detention centers, melding reporting and computer analysis to expose sometimes deadly abuses and spur corrective steps.
For their exhaustive reports on how political interests have eroded the mission of the Environmental Protection Agency and placed the nation’s environment in greater jeopardy, setting the stage for remedial action.
For its highly detailed coverage of the collapse of America’s financial system, explicating key decisions, capturing the sense of calamity and charting the human toll.
For its stories about CIA interrogation techniques that critics condemned as torture, stirring debate on the legal and moral limits of American action against terrorism.
For his wide ranging examination of complicated racial issues in America, from the courtroom to the schoolyard.
For their investigation of a 1989 execution in Texas that strongly suggests an innocent man was killed by lethal injection.
For their disclosure of mismanagement and other abuses in federally-subsidized programs for disabled workers, stirring congressional action.
For his tenacious, thoroughly researched stories on the bureaucratic inertia that led to the fatal injury of American soldiers in Iraq who lacked protective armor.
For its relentless, unflinching chronicle of abuses by American soldiers at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.
For their groundbreaking reports on the failure to curtail the growing illicit use of methamphetamines.
For her candid, in-depth look at how Mexican immigration transformed an all-white Midwestern town.
For its masterly, richly detailed stories on how hidden decision-makers make life-and-death choices about who gets health care in America.
For its engrossing exploration of the fall of Arthur Andersen, a once proud accounting firm.
For "Rim of the New World," her masterful accounts of young immigrants coming of age in the American South.
For its tenaciously reported and clearly written stories that exposed and explained corruption in corporate America.
For their series that suggested that university research on new drug therapies is being tainted by relationships with profit-seeking drug companies.
For his enterprising and nuanced reporting that disclosed Senator Bob Kerrey's role in a massacre during the Vietnam War.
For their series on the extreme commercialization of college sports.
For its comprehensive review of death penalty cases in Texas and nine other states that pointed out fundamental flaws in the system by which Americans are executed for crimes.
For her quietly powerful stories of Mexican women who come to work in North Carolina crab shacks, in pursuit of a better life.
For their series on the growing lucrative privatization of jails and foster programs for troubled youths.
For their reporting on the pitfalls faced by elderly Americans housed in commercial long-term facilities.
For a revealing series on the destruction of housing and the threat to the environment posed by the Formosan termite.
For his dogged reporting on the Church of Scientology, particularly its questionable relationship with the Internal Revenue Service, which granted the organization tax-exempt status.
For his fresh and revealing coverage of the U.S. military and the challenges facing it in the post-Cold War world.
For his resourceful reporting on the federal Witness Protection Program illustrating how the program's secrecy and lack of oversight has led to abuses and risks to the public.
For his comprehensive political coverage during the presidential election year.
For their reporting on lenient handling of sexual misconduct cases by the military justice system.
For their accounts of the way the Republican takeover of the House of Representatives played out during 1995.
For his analytical reporting on Washington developments and the national scene.
For their stories about the origins and impact of violence in America.
For her coverage of the Midwestern flood of 1993 and other stories.
For their investigation that identified rampant abuses of America's nonprofit tax laws.
For their investigation of the pharmaceutical industry and its role in the soaring costs of prescription drugs in the United States
For documenting the clandestine effort of the U.S. government to supply money and weapons to Iraq in the 1980's and up to the weeks before the Gulf War.
For their series "America: What Went Wrong?" which examined the public policy failures that have diminished the American middle class.
For her coverage of national politics and its personalities.
For his series describing child labor abuses in nine states.
For a series examining the problems and failures of the Medicaid health care system.
For incisive reporting of abuses of power committed by members of Congress.
For reporting that disclosed how the American blood industry operates with little governmental regulation or supervision.
For his insightful coverage of the presidential campaign of Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis.
For his reporting on abuses in America's kidney dialysis program.
For stories about contaminated poultry, which revealed deficiencies in USDA inspection procedures and prompted legislative action.
For their series of articles that profiled corruption and mismanagement in Federal Indian programs nationwide and helped generate a Senate investigation.
For its series "Divided We Stand," about the resurgence of segregation in American schools.
For articles that consistently exposed covert government operations in the Reagan Administration.
For their persistent and thorough investigation of self-proclaimed mass murderer Henry Lee Lucas, which exposed him as the perpetrator of a massive hoax.
For his exclusive stories about he CIA's production of two manuals for Nicaraguan rebels--stories that led to an internal investigation and a congressional inquiry.
For its thorough coverage and analysis of the 1984 Presidential campaign.
For his series on the difficulties doctors face in making life-and-death decisions regarding their patients.
For his series "Dirty Work," which disclosed the existence of temporary slave labor camps throughout the southwest United States.
For his reporting on the impact of the recession on communities across the nation.
For his series on the persistence of racism in the "New South" and, in a second nomination, for his reporting on the consequences of atomic testing in America.
For its coverage of the attempted assassination of President Reagan.
For their series on live-birth abortions.
For their series on the state of U.S. military preparedness.
For their series "Energy Anarchy."