For its revelation of widespread secret surveillance by the National Security Agency, helping through aggressive reporting to spark a debate about the relationship between the government and the public over issues of security and privacy.
For its revelation of widespread secret surveillance by the National Security Agency, marked by authoritative and insightful reports that helped the public understand how the disclosures fit into the larger framework of national security.
For its well documented investigation of off-duty police officers who recklessly speed and endanger the lives of citizens, leading to disciplinary action and other steps to curtail a deadly hazard.
For its exploration of pervasive violence in the city’s schools, using powerful print narratives and videos to illuminate crimes committed by children against children and to stir reforms to improve safety for teachers and students.
For its exposure of corruption in the small California city of Bell where officials tapped the treasury to pay themselves exorbitant salaries, resulting in arrests and reforms.
For the work of Daniel Gilbert in illuminating the murky mismanagement of natural-gas royalties owed to thousands of land owners in southwest Virginia, spurring remedial action by state lawmakers.
For the exposure of the high death rate among construction workers on the Las Vegas Strip amid lax enforcement of regulations, leading to changes in policy and improved safety conditions.
For the work of Dana Priest, Anne Hull and photographer Michel du Cille in exposing mistreatment of wounded veterans at Walter Reed Hospital, evoking a national outcry and producing reforms by federal officials.
For its creative and comprehensive probe into backdated stock options for business executives that triggered investigations, the ouster of top officials and widespread change in corporate America.
For its heroic, multi-faceted coverage of Hurricane Katrina and its aftermath, making exceptional use of the newspaper's resources to serve an inundated city even after evacuation of the newspaper plant. (Selected by the Board from the Public Service category, where it was entered.)
For its valorous and comprehensive coverage of Hurricane Katrina, providing a lifeline for devastated readers, in print and online, during their time of greatest need.
For its courageous, exhaustively researched series exposing deadly medical problems and racial injustice at a major public hospital.
that relentlessly examined death and injury among American workers and exposed employers who break basic safety rules. (Moved by the Board from the Investigative Reporting category, where it was also entered.)
For its courageous, comprehensive coverage of sexual abuse by priests, an effort that pierced secrecy, stirred local, national and international reaction and produced changes in the Roman Catholic Church.
For "A Nation Challenged," a special section published regularly after the September 11th terrorist attacks on America, which coherently and comprehensively covered the tragic events, profiled the victims, and tracked the developing story, locally and globally.
For its detailed and unflinching examination of systematic problems within the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, including harsh treatment of foreign nationals and other widespread abuses, which prompted various reforms.
that disclosed wretched neglect and abuse in the city’s group homes for the mentally retarded, which forced officials to acknowledge the conditions and begin reforms.
For its series that identified and analyzed patterns of reckless gunplay by city police officers who had little training or supervision.
For its sustained and informative coverage, vividly illustrated with photographs, that helped hold its community together in the wake of flooding, a blizzard and a fire that devastated much of the city, including the newspaper plant itself.
For its comprehensive series analyzing the conditions that threaten the world's supply of fish.
on the environmental and health risks of waste disposal systems used in North Carolina's growing hog industry.
For its disclosure of the links between the region's rampant crime rate and corruption in the local criminal justice system. The reporting, largely the work of Melvin Claxton, initiated political reforms.
For its broad examination of local racial attitudes and its subsequent effort to promote improved communication in the community.
For coverage that not only helped readers cope with Hurricane Andrew's devastation but also showed how lax zoning, inspection and building codes had contributed to the destruction.
For "The Sierra in Peril," reporting by Tom Knudson that examined environmental threats and damage to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California.
For reporting by Jane Schorer that, with the victim's consent, named a woman who had been raped --which prompt widespread reconsideration of the traditional media practice of concealing the identity of rape victims.
For revealing that the city's water supply was contaminated with carcinogens, a problem that the local government had neither disclosed nor corrected over a period of eight years.
For reporting by Gilbert M. Gaul that disclosed how the American blood industry operates with little government regulation or supervision.
For reporting about the high incidence of alcoholism and suicide among native Alaskans in a series that focused attention on their despair and resulted in various reforms.
For revealing misuse of funds by the PTL television ministry through persistent coverage conducted in the face of a massive campaign by PTL to discredit the newspaper.
For reporting by Andrew Schneider and Matthew Brelis, which revealed the inadequacy of the FAA's medical screening of airline pilots and led to significant reforms.
For its in-depth study of "missing children," which revealed that most are involved in custody disputes or are runaways, and which helped mitigate national fears stirred by exaggerated statistics.
For reporting by Mark J. Thompson which revealed that nearly 250 U.S. servicemen had lost their lives as a result of a design problem in helicopters built by Bell Helicopter -a revelation which ultimately led the Army to ground almost 600 Huey helicopters pending their modification.
For an in-depth examination of southern California's growing Latino community by a team of editors and reporters.
For its successful campaign supporting Governor Winter in his legislative battle for reform of Mississippi's public education system.
For a series by Sydney P. Freedberg and David Ashenfelter which exposed the U.S. Navy's cover-up of circumstances surrounding the deaths of seamen aboard ship and which led to significant reforms in naval procedures.
For a series of articles showing abuses of power by the police in its home city.
For an obituary of a local man who died in Marine training camp, which grew into an investigation of that death and a fundamental reform in the recruiting and training practices of the United States Marine Corps.
For its disclosures of the impact and influence of the Teamsters Union on Alaska's economy and politics.
For its massive and balanced coverage of the Boston school desegregation crisis.
For its definitive report on the illicit narcotic traffic in the United States and abroad, entitled, "The Heroin Trail."
For coverage of environmental problems, as exemplified by a successful campaign to block strip mining operation that would have caused irreparable damage to the hill country of northwest North Carolina.
For its three-year investigation and exposure of secret land deals in eastern Long Island, which led to a series of criminal convictions, discharges and resignations among public and political officeholders in the area.
For its expose of wrongdoing within the Los Angeles City Government Commissions, resulting in resignations or criminal convictions of certain members, as well as widespread reforms.
For its expose of corruption in the courts in connection with the handling of the property and estates of an Indian tribe in California, and its successful efforts to punish the culprits.
For its successful campaign to stiffen the law against water pollution in Wisconsin, a notable advance in the national effort for the conservation of natural resources.
For its successful campaign to control the Kentucky strip mining industry, a notable advance in the national effort for the conservation of natural resources.
For its campaign to prevent confirmation of Francis X Morrissey as a Federal District Judge in Massachusetts.
For its courageous and constructive campaign, culminating in 1964, to bring about more equitable reapportionment of the Kansas Legislature, despite powerful opposition in its own community.
For its aggressive investigation of the Florida Turnpike Authority which disclosed widespread illegal acts and resulted in a major reorganization of the State's road construction program.
For calling public attention to the issue of providing birth control services in the public health programs in its area.
For its three-year campaign against entrenched power and corruption, with resultant reforms in Panama City and Bay County.
For exposing a breakdown in local law enforcement with resultant punitive action that swept lax officials from their posts and brought about the election of a reform slate. The newspaper thus exerted its civic leadership in the finest tradition of journalism.
For its thorough, sustained and well-conceived attack on narcotics traffic and the enterprising reporting of Gene Sherman, which led to the opening of negotiations between the United States and Mexico to halt the flow of illegal drugs into southern California and other border states.
For their successful campaign against corruption, gambling and vice in their home city and the achievement of sweeping civic reforms in the face of political pressure and threats of violence. By their stalwart leadership of the forces of good government, these newspapers upheld the best tradition of a free press.
For demonstrating the highest qualities of civic leadership, journalistic responsibility and moral courage in the face of great public tension during the school integration crisis of 1957. The newspaper's fearless and completely objective news coverage, plus its reasoned and moderate policy, did much to restore calmness and order to an overwrought community, reflecting great credit on its editors and its management.
For determined and courageous public service in exposing a $2,500,000 fraud centering in the office of the State Auditor of Illinois, resulting in the indictment and conviction of the State Auditor and others. This led to the reorganization of State procedures to prevent a recurrence of the fraud.
For courageous exposure of corruption in public office, which led to the resignation of a district attorney and the conviction of one of his associates.
For its complete news coverage and fearless editorial attack on widespread corruption in neighboring Phenix City, Ala., which were effective in destroying a corrupt and racket-ridden city government. The newspaper exhibited an early awareness of the evils of lax law enforcement before the situation in Phenix City erupted into murder. It covered the whole unfolding story of the final prosecution of the wrong-doers with skill, perception, force and courage.
For its expose of New York State's race track scandals and labor racketeering, which led to the extortion indictment, guilty plea and imprisonment of William C. DeKoning, Sr., New York labor racketeer.
For their successful campaign against the Ku Klux Klan, waged on their own doorstep at the risk of economic loss and personal danger, culminating in the conviction of over one hundred Klansmen and an end to terrorism in their communities.
For its investigation and disclosures of wide spread corruption in the Internal Revenue Bureau and other departments of the government.
For the work of George Thiem and Roy J. Harris, respectively, in exposing the presence of 37 Illinois newspapermen on an Illinois State payroll.
For the campaign establishing the "Nebraska All-Star Primary" presidential preference primary which spotlighted, through a bi-partisan committee, issues early in the presidential campaign.
For the coverage of the Centralia, Illinois, mine disaster and the follow-up which resulted in impressive reforms in mine safety laws and regulations.
For its series of articles by Howard M. Norton dealing with the administration of unemployment compensation in Maryland, resulting in convictions and pleas of guilty in criminal court of 93 persons.
For its fifteen-year investigation of judicial practices in the United States District Court for the middle district of Pennsylvania, resulting in removal of the District Judge and indictment of many others.
For its investigation of legislative graft and corruption at Lansing, Michigan.
For its initiative and originality in planning a state-wide campaign for the collection of scrap metal for the war effort. The Nebraska plan was adopted on a national scale by the daily newspapers, resulting in a united effort which succeeded in supplying our war industries with necessary scrap material.
For its successful campaign which resulted in the clarification and confirmation for all American newspapers of the right of free press as guaranteed under the Constitution.
For its news reports and editorials entitled, "Self Help in the Dust Bowl."
For its exposure of wholesale fraudulent registration in St. Louis. By a coordinated news, editorial and cartoon campaign this newspaper succeeded in invalidating upwards of 40,000 fraudulent ballots in November and brought about the appointment of a new election board.
For its crusade against corruption and misgovernment in the State of Iowa.
For its campaign against political machine influence in the appointment of two Federal judges in Nevada.
For its campaign against unscrupulous politicians in Jackson County, Oregon.
For its series of articles on veterans relief, on the real estate bond evil, the campaign urging voters in the late New York City municipal election to "write in" the name of Joseph V. McKee, and the articles exposing the lottery schemes of various fraternal organizations.
For its successful campaign to eliminate waste in city management and to reduce the tax levy.
For its effective campaign to correct evils in the administration of justice, including the fight to curb "ambulance chasers," support of the "fence" bill, and measures to simplify procedure, prevent perjury and eliminate politics from municipal courts; a campaign which has been instrumental in securing remedial action.
For its work in exposing political corruption to Indiana, prosecuting the guilty and bringing about a more wholesome state of affairs in civil government.
For its brave, patriotic and effective fight for the ending of a vicious state of affairs brought about by collusion between city authorities and the criminal element, a fight which had a tragic result in the assassination of the editor of the paper, Mr. Don R. Mellett.
For the service which it rendered in its brave and energetic fight against the Ku Klux Klan; against the enactment of a law barring the teaching of evolution; against dishonest and incompetent public officials and for justice to the Negro and against lynching.
For its courageous attitude in the publication of cartoons and the handling of news in reference to the operations of the Ku Klux Klan.
For articles exposing the operations of the Ku Klux Klan, published during September and October, 1921.
For its strong and courageous campaign for Americanism in a constituency where foreign elements made such a policy hazardous from a business point of view.
For its public service in publishing in full so many official reports, documents and speeches by European statesmen relating to the progress and conduct of the war.
For its use of in-depth reporting and digital tools to expose shootings, beatings and other concealed misconduct by some Long Island police officers, leading to the formation of a grand jury and an official review of police accountability.
For its exposure of how a state-run police force failed to protect patients in homes for the developmentally disabled who had been beaten, tortured and raped, resulting in new laws and other remedial action.
For its exploration of flawed evidence in a series of criminal cases prosecuted by the Justice Department that was never disclosed to defendants, causing a review of more than 20,000 cases and other corrective steps.
For its exposure of deadly abuses and lax state oversight in Florida’s assisted-living facilities for the elderly and mentally ill that resulted in the closure of dangerous homes, punishment of violators and creation of tougher laws and regulations.
For the work of Danny Hakim and Russ Buettner that revealed rapes, beatings and more than 1,200 unexplained deaths over the past decade of developmentally disabled people in New York State group homes, leading to removal of two top officials, movement to fire 130 employees and passage of remedial laws.
For the work of Daniel Golden, John Hechinger and John Lauerman that revealed how some for-profit colleges exploit low-income students, leading to a federal crackdown on a multi-billion-dollar industry.
For the work of Alan Schwarz in illuminating the peril of concussions in football and other sports, spurring a national discussion and a re-examination of helmets and of medical and coaching practices.
For its exhaustive examination of how an archaic property tax system harms New Jersey’s economy and ordinary families, using stories and interactive databases to spark pledges of statewide reform.
For their exposure of gaps in California’s oversight of dangerous and incompetent nurses, blending investigative scrutiny and multimedia storytelling to produce corrective changes.
For its comprehensive coverage of the economic meltdown of 2008, setting a standard for depth and sophistication while making the arcane world of finance and banking accessible to an often bewildered public.
For “PolitiFact,” its fact-checking initiative during the 2008 presidential campaign that used probing reporters and the power of the World Wide Web to examine more than 750 political claims, separating rhetoric from truth to enlighten voters. (Moved by the Board to the National Reporting category.)
For its illuminating examination of the mortgage and housing crisis in the newspaper’s community and state, resulting in federal probes and changes in a major lender’s practices.
For its comprehensive investigation into the hazardous gap between a New York railroad’s trains and its boarding platforms, spotlighting individual injuries and triggering a multi-million-dollar remedy by the railway.
For its extensive examination of waste and abuse in the nation’s farm subsidy system, prodding Congress to address the need for fundamental reform.
For the work of Brett Blackledge that exposed cronyism and corruption in the state's two-year college system, resulting in the dismissal of the chancellor and other corrective action. (Moved by the Board to the Investigative Reporting category.)
For its exhaustive and illuminating exploration of the government's war on terrorism and the ensuing tension between national security and individual liberty.
For its relentless probe of the state's investment in a rare-coin fund that exposed illegal actions by the governor and other state officials, spurring successful criminal prosecution and other corrective action.
For its valiant and innovative coverage, in the newspaper and online, of the coastal devastation caused by Hurricane Ivan.
For its tenacious investigation into the widespread poisoning of children by lead-tainted Mexican candy, spurring remedial action.
For its vivid portrayal of how delays in the state's criminal justice system harmed victims and defendants alike, a project that spurred remedial action.
For its comprehensive coverage of the causes and consequences of a nightclub fire that killed 100 people and spread anguish across America's smallest state.
For the work of Christine Willmsen and Maureen O'Hagan that revealed sexual misconduct by male coaches who preyed on female students and escaped discipline or prosecution.
For the work of Norman Sinclair, Ronald Hansen and Melvin Claxton that revealed dangerous defects and spurred changes in a criminal justice system that allowed lawbreakers to get away with everything from petty theft to murder.
For its uncommon courage in publishing stories that exposed a culture of corruption in Escambia County, Fla., and resulted in the indictment of four of five county commissioners.
For the work of Sari Horwitz, Scott Higham and Sarah Cohen for a series that exposed the District of Columbia's role in the neglect and death of 229 children placed in protective care between 1993 and 2000, which prompted an overhaul of the city's child welfare system.
For its sustained and often groundbreaking coverage that informed and aided the nation as it grappled with the complex and varied issues stemming from the September 11th terrorist attacks on America and their aftermath.
For its accurate and comprehensive coverage of the 2000 presidential election, particularly during those 36 uncertain days when much of the nation looked to the AP for disciplined, 24-hour reporting on the close votes and recounts.
For its comprehensive series on the AIDS plague in Africa, which revealed how the devastating epidemic was affected by political, commercial and bureaucratic forces far removed from the lives of most of its victims.
For its extensive investigation of the failures of the legal justice system, documenting misconduct by prosecutors and inequities in death penalty cases, which led the governor of Illinois to suspend state executions.
For an investigative series, including an innovative presentation on its Web site, by Mark Fazlollah, Craig McCoy, Michael Matza and Clea Benson that revealed how Philadelphia police had routinely minimized and did not investigate many sexual assault claims, leading to reform of the system.
For the work of Dolores Kong and Robert Whitaker that disclosed how, for decades, psychiatric researchers callously performed drug experiments on mentally ill patients.
For its series that explained how local police routinely manipulated crime statistics to make the city appear safer.
For the work of Duff Wilson that disclosed how toxic waste from heavy industries was being recycled as fertilizer.
For the work of Sonia Nazario, reporter and Clarence Williams, photographer, that chronicled the tragic plight of young children with parents addicted to alcohol and drugs.
For its probe of murder cases in Los Angeles County, which revealed inefficiency and mismanagement in the justice system.
For a series by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele chronicling the widening gap between the affluent and the poor at a time when Americans are being told that the economy is more prosperous than ever.
For articles revealing questionable favors extended by a local legal publishing company to members of the federal judiciary, including several Supreme court justices.
For the work of Ginger Thompson and Gary Cohn that disclosed the activities of a Honduran army unit that abducted, tortured and murdered political suspects in the 1980s with the knowledge of the CIA.
For examining the city's declining inner-city neighborhoods, proposing improvements and helping to organize citizens to ward off further deterioration.
For disclosing fraudulent practices in a local election, bringing about the overturn of the election and the reform of many of the city's electoral practices.
For the work of Eileen Welsome, which related the experiences of Americans who had been used unknowingly in government radiation experiments nearly 50 years ago.
For its year-long examination of child homicide, which focused individual attention on 61 children and the circumstances of their deaths.
For the exposure by reporters Jeff Brazil and Steve Berry of the unjust seizure of millions of dollars from motorists -- most of them minorities -- by a sheriff's drug squad.
For disclosing numerous allegations of sexual harassment of women by U.S. Sen. Brock Adams of Washington, who then dropped his bid for re-election.
For extensive reporting by Mike Casey and Russell Carollo that revealed gross national neglect of worker safety conditions and regulations and prompted workplace-reform legislation.
For articles exploring the causes and human consequences of the epidemic of gun violence in the capital area that claimed more than 3,000 lives in five years.
For a series by David Freed on the impact of the high crime rate on the city's criminal justice system, which prompted immediate steps toward reform.
For a series examining race relations and racial attitudes in the state, including those prevailing at the newspaper itself.
For an extended investigation by Phil Williams and Jim O'Hara of corruption in the state's charity bingo industry, which prompted the indictment of dozens of individuals and legislative restrictions on bingo operations
For stories by Jane O. Hansen that exposed abuses and incompetence in Georgia's child welfare system and inspired state reforms
For its campaign urging reform of the state's public education system, which helped prompt legislation initiating change.
For an investigation by Bill Dedman of the racial discrimination practiced by lending institutions in Atlanta, reporting which led to significant reforms in those policies.
For a 15-month investigation by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele of "rifle shot" provisions in the Tax Reform Act of 1986, a series which aroused such widespread public indignation that Congress subsequently rejected proposals giving special tax breaks to many politically connected individuals and businesses.
For its compelling investigation of the state's unusually high infant-mortality rate, which prompted legislation to combat the problem. (Moved by the Board to the General News Reporting category.)
For reporting that described vote-buying and influence peddling in Kentucky elections and resulted in calls for new state and federal legislation.
For its "Year of the Printed Word," an intensive local effort to promote literacy through reporting and organizing community events.
For an investigation led by Fred Schulte, which exposed serious medical mishaps, including heart surgery deaths, at the nation's Veterans Administration hospitals and prompted remedial government action.
For its coverage of the crash of Delta flight 191 on August 2, 1985, and the resultant series, "How Safe are the Skies?," which examined air traffic safety in the United States and found it wanting.
For its investigation into allegations of systematic and widespread torture of prison inmates by jailers in the Jackson County Jail in Marianna, Florida, which resulted in the indictment of seven prison guards.
For its sustained effort to expose the control of Chicago's minority neighborhoods by street gangs--reporting which prompted Mayor Washington to launch a $4.5 million gang control program.
For a series by Richard High and Anne Mackinnon which, despite strong opposition from local utilities, investigated the state's need for improved natural gas regulation and led to significant reforms.
For a series by Stephen Franklin and Marcia Stepanek that exposed the failure of the automobile industry and the federal government to protect the motoring public from defective cars.
For the series "And Justice for All?" which revealed failures and favoritism in the Cumberland County (N.C.) District Court System.
For its balanced and informative special report on the nuclear arms race. (Moved by the Board to the National Reporting category.)
For its ongoing investigation of mismanagement of the Washington Public Power Supply System's (WPPSS) nuclear construction program.
For its series on exploitation of illegal aliens in California's garment industry.
For its series on hazardous working conditions in Rhode Island's jewelry industry.
For its series on unnecessary deaths due to inadequate emergency room care in Los Angeles County.