1994 Finalists

Letters, Drama, and Music

Fiction
The Collected Stories by Reynolds Price (Atheneum)

Operation Shylock: A Confession by Philip Roth (Simon & Schuster)
Drama
A Perfect Ganesh by Terrence McNally

Keely and Du by Jane Martin (a pseudonym)
History
Crime and Punishment in American History by Lawrence M. Friedman (Basic Books)

Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK by Gerald Posner (Random House)

William Faulkner and Southern History by Joel Williamson (Oxford University Press)
Biography or Autobiography
In Extremis: The Life of Laura Riding by Deborah Baker (Grove Press)

Genet: A Biography by Edmund White (Alfred A. Knopf)
Poetry
Bright Existence by Brenda Hillman (Wesleyan University Press/University Press of New England)

The Metamorphoses of Ovid, translated by Allen Mandelbaum (Harcourt Brace & Company)
General Nonfiction
The End of the Twentieth Century: And the End of the Modern Age by John Lukacs (Ticknor & Fields)

The Cultivation of Hatred: The Bourgeois Experience, Victoria to Freud by Peter Gay (W.W. Norton)
Music
Still Movement with Hymn by Aaron Jay Kernis
Premiered on November 11, 1993, at Princeton University and commissioned by American Public Radio.

Microsymphony by Charles Wuorinen
Premiered on March 19, 1993, in Philadelphia and commissioned by the Philadelphia Orchestra Association.

Journalism

Public Service
Albuquerque Tribune
For the work of Eileen Welsome, which related the experiences of Americans who had been used unknowingly in government radiation experiments nearly 50 years ago.

Chicago Tribune
For its year-long examination of child homicide, which focused individual attention on 61 children and the circumstances of their deaths.
Spot News Reporting
Robert D. McFadden of The New York Times
For his consistently impressive work during the year, much of it on deadline.

Staff of Los Angeles Times
For its richly detailed coverage of the first day of fires that ravaged Southern California.
Investigative Reporting
Dean Baquet and Jane Fritsch of The New York Times
For their reports that exposed costly fraud and mismanagement plaguing Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield in New York state, America's largest not-for-profit health insurer.

Mark England and Darlene McCormick of Waco (TX) Tribune-Herald
For stories that revealed sexual abuse and other criminal acts within the local compound held by members of the Branch Davidian cult.
Explanatory Journalism
Dallas Morning News Team of The Dallas Morning News
For its series examining the epidemic of violence against women in many nations.

Staff of Newsday, Long Island, NY
For its exhaustive investigation of breast cancer in the community, which included a probe of the environmental factors that may contribute to its spread.
Beat Reporting
Joan Connell of Newhouse News Service
For her reporting and writing on religion, ethics and morality.

John Woestendiek of The Philadelphia Inquirer
For his coverage of the promise and perils of city youth.
National Reporting
Isabel Wilkerson of The New York Times
For her coverage of the Midwestern flood of 1993 and other stories.

Gilbert M. Gaul and Neill A. Borowski of The Philadelphia Inquirer
For their investigation that identified rampant abuses of America's nonprofit tax laws.
International Reporting
Carol J. Williams of Los Angeles Times
For her reporting from the former Yugoslavia.

Keith Richburg of The Washington Post
For his dispatches from Somalia.
Feature Writing
April Witt and Scott Higham of The Miami Herald
For their chilling portrait of seven suburban teenagers accused of murdering a friend.

Mark Feeney of The Boston Globe
For his provocative profile of former President Richard Nixon.
Commentary
Jane Daugherty of Detroit Free Press
For her "Children First" columns, about issues affecting the youngest Americans.

Peter H. King of Los Angeles Times
For his columns about California, filed from around the state.
Criticism
Henry Allen of The Washington Post
For his imaginative and varied cultural criticism.

Matt Zoller Seitz of Dallas Observer, a weekly
For his lucid and insightful film criticism.
Editorial Writing
Jim Montgomery of Shreveport (LA) Journal
For a series of editorials examining the benefits and drawbacks of drug legalization.

Editorial Board of Birmingham (AL) News
For editorials urging the reform of Alabama's failing public school system.
Editorial Cartooning
Stephen R. Benson of The Arizona Republic

Lynn Johnston of Universal Press Syndicate
For a sequence in her comic strip "For Better or For Worse" that sensitively depicted a youth's disclosure of his homosexuality and its effect on his family and friends.
Spot News Photography
Kevin Carter, a free-lance photographer of The New York Times
For a picture first published in The New York Times of a starving Sudanese girl who collapsed on her way to a feeding center while a vulture waited nearby (Originally submitted in Feature Photography and returned by the Board to that category.)

Staff of Los Angeles Times
For photographs of the devastation left by fires that blazed through Southern California.
Feature Photography
Stan Grossfeld of The Boston Globe
For "The Exhausted Earth," a year-long series depicting the social, medical and environmental crises caused by the depletion of natural resources.

April Saul of The Philadelphia Inquirer
For "American Dreamers," her series of photographs of a working-class family coping with hardships while striving for a better life.

Staff of Associated Press
For its collection of images about the Middle East, including those that illustrate the turbulent lives of Arabs and Jews in Israel.