1997 Finalists

Letters, Drama, and Music

Fiction
Unlocking the Air and Other Stories by Ursula K. LeGuin (HarperCollins)

The Manikin by Joanna Scott (Henry Holt)
Drama
Collected Stories by Donald Margulies

The Last Night of Ballyhoo by Alfred Uhry

Pride's Crossing by Tina Howe
History
Founding Mothers and Fathers by Mary Beth Norton (Alfred A. Knopf)

The Battle for Christmas by Stephen Nissenbaum (Alfred A. Knopf)
Biography or Autobiography
In the Wilderness: Coming of Age in Unknown Country by Kim Barnes (Doubleday)

Herman Melville: A Biography, Volume 1, 1819-1851 by Hershel Parker (The Johns Hopkins University Press)
Poetry
The Figured Wheel by Robert Pinsky (Farrar Straus Giroux)

The Willow Grove by Laurie Sheck (Alfred A. Knopf)
General Nonfiction
The Inheritance: How Three Families and America Moved from Roosevelt toReagan and Beyond by Samuel G. Freedman (Simon & Schuster)

Fame and Folly by Cynthia Ozick (Alfred A. Knopf)
Music
Dove Sta Amore by John Musto
Premiered on March 2, 1996, by the Jacksonville Symphony Orchestra, in Jacksonville, Fla.

Passacaglia Immaginaria by Stanislaw Skrowaczewski
Premiered on April 12, 1996, by the Minnesota Orchestra, Minneapolis.

Journalism

Public Service
Los Angeles Times
For its probe of murder cases in Los Angeles County, which revealed inefficiency and mismanagement in the justice system.

The Philadelphia Inquirer
For a series by Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele chronicling the widening gap between the affluent and the poor at a time when Americans are being told that the economy is more prosperous than ever.
Spot News Reporting
Staff of The Philadelphia Inquirer
For its powerful narrative coverage of the armed confrontation between police and philanthropist John DuPont following a murder at his estate.

Staff of The St. Petersburg Times
For its thorough and balanced reporting of the circumstances surrounding the shooting of a young black man by a white police officer and the rioting that followed.
Investigative Reporting
Jim Haner of The Baltimore Sun
For engendering regulatory reform through dogged reporting, which revealed that housing officials in the city owned neglected inner-city properties.

Staff of The Boston Globe
For its expose of abuse of disability benefits by retired public employees, prompting reform of the Massachusetts pension system.
Explanatory Journalism
John Crewdson of Chicago Tribune
For a series of reports that illustrated through dramatic examples the need for training of personnel and installation of special equipment by U.S. airlines to cope with medical emergencies in the air.

Gregory Kane and Gilbert Lewthwaite of The Baltimore Sun
For their portrait of the complex practices of slavery in the Sudan.
Beat Reporting
Craig Flournoy of The Dallas Morning News
For his coverage of low-income housing programs, including the disclosure that Dallas officials had misspent or failed to utilize millions of federal dollars allocated for impoverished areas.

Celia W. Dugger of The New York Times
For her coverage of the plight of a young African woman who was jailed by U.S. immigration officials after she fled her homeland and its tribal rite of genital mutilation to seek asylum in the country, which prompted worldwide reaction.
National Reporting
Bill Moushey of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
For his resourceful reporting on the federal Witness Protection Program illustrating how the program's secrecy and lack of oversight has led to abuses and risks to the public.

Ronald Brownstein of Los Angeles Times
For his comprehensive political coverage during the presidential election year.
International Reporting
Tony Freemantle of Houston Chronicle
For his reporting from Rwanda, South Africa, El Salvador and Guatemala on why crimes against humanity go unstopped and unpunished.

Staff of Chicago Tribune
For its global examination of overpopulation illustrated by struggling families who continue to bear children they cannot afford.
Feature Writing
Jeffrey Fleishman of The Philadelphia Inquirer
For his versatile storytelling, notably including an account of the flight of 15 Buddhist monks from Tibet through the Himalayas.

Julia Prodis of Associated Press
For her trio of vivid stories about three teenagers on a deadly journey, a photograph from the Oklahoma City bombing, and a vacuum cleaner that catches prairie dogs.
Commentary
Tony Kornheiser of The Washington Post
For his evocative columns ranging from sports and politics to tales of heroes and fools.

Deborah Work of Sun-Sentinel, Fort Lauderdale, FL
For speaking out in highly personal yet broadly relevant columns in roles as diverse as parent, citizen, critic and philosopher.
Criticism
Herbert Muschamp of The New York Times
For his criticism of architecture in America, written with devotion to the art, penetrating analysis and literate style.

Leslie Savan of The Village Voice, New York, NY
For her analytical columns about the forces at work behind advertising and consumerism, particularly on television.
Editorial Writing
Margaretta Downey of Poughkeepsie (NY) Journal
For her editorials pressing for a civic agenda of economic and educational renewal.

Peter Milius of The Washington Post
For his editorials dissecting federal welfare reform legislation, directing attention to the problems of the poor and powerless.
Editorial Cartooning
Chip Bok of Akron Beacon Journal

Jeff MacNelly of Chicago Tribune
Spot News Photography
Corinne Dufka of Reuters
For her chilling photograph of the execution of a Liberian prisoner on the streets of Monrovia.

Alexander Zemlianichenko of Associated Press
For his photograph of Russian President Boris Yeltsin dancing at a rock concert during his campaign for re-election. (Originally submitted in Feature Photography and returned by the Board to that category.)
Feature Photography
Jeffrey L. Brown of Copley Chicago Newspapers
For his series of photographs chronicling an illegal immigrant's clandestine journey from Mexico to the United States.

Jon Kral of The Miami Herald
For his photographs documenting the horrifying conditions in Venezuelan prisons.

Michele McDonald of The Boston Globe
For her photographs of a woman with terminal breast cancer preparing for her death